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财经观察:期待非洲之角变身“黄金之角”

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月22日 01:38:34
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(  新)(华)(网)(内)(罗)(毕)(11月)(8日)(电)((记)(者)(郭)(骏)( 丁)(小)(溪)()联)(合)(国)(秘)(书)(长)(潘)(基)(文)(日)(前)(率)(领)(一)(个)(高)(级)(别)(代)(表)(团)(对)(非)(洲)(之)(角)(进)(行)(了)(旋)(风)(式)(访)(问)(,并)(带)(来)(一)(个)(大)(礼)(包)(:未)(来)(数)(年)(,世)(界)(银)(行)(、欧)(盟)(和)(非)(洲)(开)(发)(银)(行)(等)(机)(构)(将)(向)(该)(地)(区)(提)(供)(超)(过)(80亿)(美)(元)(的)(援)(助)(,用)(于)(促)(进)(该)(地)(区)(和)(平)(和)(发)(展)(。  拥)(有)(丰)(富)(自)(然)(资)(源)(、大)(量)(未)(充)(分)(开)(发)(土)(地)(资)(源)(的)(非)(洲)(之)(角)(,或)(许)(有)(希)(望)(成)(为)(充)(满)(投)(资)(机)(遇)(的)(“黄)(金)(之)(角)(”。  发)(展)(之)(殇)(  非)(洲)(之)(角)(位)(于)(非)(洲)(东)(部)(,包)(括)(吉)(布)(提)(、厄)(立)(特)(里)(亚)(、埃)(塞)(俄)(比)(亚)(、肯)(尼)(亚)(、索)(马)(里)(、南)(苏)(丹)(、苏)(丹)(和)(乌)(干)(达)(八)(个)(国)(家)(。这)(片)(地)(区)(呈)(犀)(牛)(角)(状)(向)(东)(伸)(入)(阿)(拉)(伯)(海)(,并)(因)(此)(而)(得)(名)(非)(洲)(之)(角)(。  尽)(管)(有)(资)(源)(优)(势)(和)(地)(理)(优)(势)(,非)(洲)(之)(角)(却)(是)(世)(界)(上)(最)(贫)(穷)(的)(地)(区)(之)(一)(。根)(据)(联)(合)(国)(公)(布)(的)(数)(据)(,目)(前)(该)(地)(区)(难)(民)(人)(数)(超)(过)(200万)(,流)(离)(失)(所)(人)(数)(超)(过)(500万)(。世)(界)(银)(行)(的)(报)(告)(也)(显)(示)(,该)(地)(区)(超)(过)(一)(半)(人)(口)(每)(天)(生)(活)(标)(准)(低)(于)(1美)(元)(。  连)(年)(冲)(突)(和)(周)(期)(性)(大)(旱)(灾)(,这)(两)(大)(包)(袱)(严)(重)(延)(缓)(了)(这)(个)(地)(区)(的)(整)(体)(发)(展)(步)(伐)(。内)(罗)(毕)(大)(学)(国)(际)(经)(济)(学)(专)(家)(盖)(里)(森)(·伊)(卡)(拉)(日)(前)(接)(受)(记)(者)(采)(访)(时)(说)(,非)(洲)(之)(角)(的)(8个)(国)(家)(由)(于)(历)(史)(、地)(理)(以)(及)(文)(化)(等)(方)(面)(联)(系)(十)(分)(紧)(密)(,一)(个)(国)(家)(的)(灾)(难)(往)(往)(很)(容)(易)(发)(展)(成)(区)(域)(性)(灾)(难)(,如)(索)(马)(里)(内)(乱)(给)(肯)(尼)(亚)(和)(埃)(塞)(俄)(比)(亚)(等)(邻)(国)(带)(来)(恐)(怖)(主)(义)(威)(胁)(和)(难)(民)(问)(题)(。  自)(然)(灾)(害)(是)(另)(一)(个)(挑)(战)(。世)(行)(的)(报)(告)(指)(出)(,非)(洲)(之)(角)(的)(农)(业)(生)(产)(绝)(大)(部)(分)(为)(靠)(天)(吃)(饭)(的)(小)(规)(模)(作)(业)(,2011年)(该)(地)(区)(发)(生)(60年)(不)(遇)(的)(旱)(灾)(,加)(上)(连)(年)(战)(争)(,爆)(发)(严)(重)(饥)(荒)(。  巨)(大)(潜)(力)(  非)(洲)(之)(角)(拥)(有)(丰)(富)(的)(自)(然)(资)(源)(和)(大)(量)(未)(开)(发)(土)(地)(资)(源)(。目)(前)(该)(地)(区)(的)(产)(油)(国)(只)(有)(苏)(丹)(和)(南)(苏)(丹)(,但)(肯)(尼)(亚)(和)(乌)(干)(达)(等)(国)(都)(宣)(布)(有)(可)(观)(的)(石)(油)(和)(天)(然)(气)(储)(量)(。世)(界)(银)(行)(表)(示)(,石)(油)(、电)(力)(、水)(资)(源)(和)(农)(业)(将)(是)(非)(洲)(之)(角)(下)(个)(十)(年)(的)(发)(展)(机)(会)(。  该)(地)(区)(还)(拥)(有)(世)(界)(最)(具)(活)(力)(的)(经)(济)(体)(。世)(界)(银)(行)(2013/14年)(度)(的)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,非)(洲)(之)(角)(的)(5个)(国)(家)(经)(济)(实)(现)(快)(速)(增)(长)(,其)(中)(埃)(塞)(俄)(比)(亚)(经)(济)(增)(长)(率)(高)(达)(9.7%,厄)(立)(特)(里)(亚)(经)(济)(增)(幅)(为)(7%。  区)(域)(内)(相)(关)(国)(家)(不)(仅)(注)(重)(本)(国)(建)(设)(,还)(重)(视)(跨)(境)(建)(设)(。如)(埃)(塞)(俄)(比)(亚)(,继)(2011年)(向)(吉)(布)(提)(出)(口)(水)(电)(、2013年)(底)(向)(苏)(丹)(供)(电)(后)(,还)(在)(推)(动)(与)(苏)(丹)(、南)(苏)(丹)(、吉)(布)(提)(、肯)(尼)(亚)(和)(索)(马)(里)(等)(国)(的)(边)(境)(城)(市)(实)(现)(公)(路)(和)(铁)(路)(连)(接)(。该)(地)(区)(另)(一)(个)(关)(键)(大)(国)(—肯)(尼)(亚)(也)(在)(积)(极)(进)(行)(港)(口)(和)(铁)(路)(建)(设)(,巩)(固)(和)(加)(强)(自)(身)(地)(区)(货)(运)(枢)(纽)(的)(角)(色)(。  非)(洲)(之)(角)(与)(非)(洲)(其)(他)(地)(区)(的)(一)(体)(化)(建)(设)(也)(有)(重)(大)(进)(展)(。据)(肯)(尼)(亚)(媒)(体)(报)(道)(,由)(东)(部)(和)(南)(部)(非)(洲)(共)(同)(市)(场)(、东)(非)(共)(同)(体)(和)(南)(部)(非)(洲)(发)(展)(共)(同)(体)(组)(成)(的)(三)(方)(自)(由)(贸)(易)(区)(将)(于)(12月)(中)(旬)(宣)(布)(启)(动)(,启)(动)(后)(的)(自)(贸)(区)(将)(成)(为)(非)(洲)(最)(大)(的)(经)(济)(体)(。  国)(际)(帮)(扶)(  潘)(基)(文)(在)(访)(问)(非)(洲)(之)(角)(时)(说)(:“非)(洲)(之)(角)(各)(国)(正)(在)(经)(济)(增)(长)(和)(政)(局)(稳)(定)(方)(面)(取)(得)(出)(人)(意)(料)(的)(重)(要)(进)(展)(。当)(前)(正)(是)(国)(际)(社)(会)(支)(持)(这)(种)(努)(力)(、结)(束)(冲)(突)(与)(贫)(困)(的)(恶)(性)(循)(环)(、从)(脆)(弱)(境)(地)(走)(向)(可)(持)(续)(发)(展)(的)(关)(键)(时)(刻)(。”  潘)(基)(文)(呼)(吁)(全)(球)(和)(地)(区)(领)(导)(人)(与)(联)(合)(国)(联)(手)(,确)(保)(对)(非)(洲)(之)(角)(的)(和)(平)(、安)(全)(与)(发)(展)(采)(取)(协)(调)(一)(致)(的)(做)(法)(。他)(说)(:“在)(处)(理)(非)(洲)(之)(角)(问)(题)(上)(,我)(们)(希)(望)(传)(递)(一)(个)(讯)(息)(,那)(就)(是)(—没)(有)(发)(展)(,就)(不)(会)(有)(持)(久)(的)(和)(平)(与)(安)(全)(;同)(样)(,没)(有)(和)(平)(与)(安)(全)(,就)(不)(会)(有)(发)(展)(。”  联)(合)(国)(与)(世)(界)(银)(行)(承)(诺)(,在)(未)(来)(几)(年)(里)(,将)(通)(过)(重)(建)(和)(平)(、发)(展)(基)(础)(设)(施)(与)(开)(展)(青)(年)(赋)(权)(项)(目)(等)(方)(式)(,为)(非)(洲)(之)(角)(地)(区)(提)(供)(超)(过)(80亿)(美)(元)(的)(援)(助)(资)(金)(。这)(笔)(新)(增)(援)(助)(资)(金)(包)(括)(世)(界)(银)(行)(的)(18亿)(美)(元)(、欧)(盟)(的)(37亿)(美)(元)(、非)(洲)(开)(发)(银)(行)(的)(18亿)(美)(元)(以)(及)(伊)(斯)(兰)(开)(发)(银)(行)(的)(10亿)(美)(元)(。  肯)(尼)(亚)(内)(罗)(毕)(大)(学)(政)(治)(经)(济)(学)(专)(家)(乔)(舒)(亚)(·基)(武)(瓦)(日)(前)(在)(接)(受)(新)(华)(社)(记)(者)(采)(访)(时)(表)(示)(,世)(界)(银)(行)(及)(地)(区)(机)(构)(的)(此)(次)(援)(助)(展)(示)(了)(国)(际)(社)(会)(的)(一)(种)(积)(极)(态)(度)(,会)(给)(非)(洲)(之)(角)(国)(家)(增)(添)(信)(心)(。  作)(者)(:郭)(骏)( 丁)(小)(溪)(
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